Facts about Hinduism and Buddhism

HinduismIntroducing World Religions

By-Gaurav Gurung

Religions provide platform to the people bringing them to consider their relations to God and supernatural elements. Several elements like sacred, divinity, supernaturalism, holy, godly etc. come across when we are into religion. Religion is the diversely opinionated term which more or less talks about faith and belief system of people.

Malory Nye defines in the book ‘Religion: The Basics’ that “Religion is the term with the wide range of meanings, but it is used on a global scale for a variety of purposes and in many different, often contrasting and conflicting, ways” (18). Sometimes it is also taken as an illusion too in which Sigmund Freud defined in his book New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis saying “Religion is an illusion and it derives its strength from the fact that it falls in with our instinctual desires.”

Gautam BuddhaIn this way defining the religion never became someone’s cup of tea. There are variations indeed and those variations have made the way to make them to stand in their own. So, here is the introduction of diverse opinions and thought systems attached with two Indo-European religions and three semiotic religions.


Hinduism is taken as the dominant religion of Indian Sub-continent which began around 3000BCE. It is particularly taken in two Asian countries India and Nepal. Hinduism is taken as the historic Vedic religion of Iron Age India. It’s defined as the oldest living religion with no founder as such.

10 Commandments that you followIt has diverse traditions along with distinct philosophical ideas and intellectual stand points. Sue Penney, British author, in her book entitled “Hinduism” said that “Most Hindus don’t call their religion Hinduism. They call it Sanatan Dharma. This means ‘eternal truths’” (6).

All those eternal truths are collected and transferred to generations with their holy books. They consider two books to be highly sacred which are Shruti (revealed-Veda) and Smriti (remembered-Puranas and Upanisadhas). Similarly, Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas are considered main texts of Hinduism.Bowing down to Jesus Generally, these texts discuss upon diverse topics like theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic Vajna, agamic rituals, temple building and other.

Hindu’s philosophy of world view rests upon the cyclical pattern in which every element of this nature keep on moving in cyclical patterns with its endless rebirths and deaths. Similarly, they consider the view of ultimate reality, concept of a man and self, the problem with life, the cause of the problem, solutions etc. Generally in world view, Hinduism has set certain views regarding several topics like Brahman, two selves of man, problems with life: Samsara and karma, the case: Avidya and Maya, the ultimate aim of life: Moksha, three paths to Moksha, common grounds with apologetic thoughts and more.

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