Major beliefs of Buddhism religion

What is Buddhism?
Religion Without God?

Buddhism is a major world religion with a complex history and philosophy.

It's founder, Siddhartha Gautama, lived from about 566 to about 480 B.C. The son of an Indian warrior-king, Gautama led a life of luxury in his early years, enjoying the privileges of his caste. But eventually he tired of the affluence and ease, and set out what some might call a "vision quest." After encountering an old man, an ill man, a corpse and an ascetic, Gautama became convinced that suffering lay at the heart of all existence, stemming principally from the human ego's attachment to the transitory things of this world. He renounced his princely title and became a monk, freeing himself of possessions in the hope of comprehending the truth, and finding a path toward enlightenment and liberation. The culmination of his search came while meditating beneath a tree, where he experienced a breakthrough in understanding. Following this epiphany, Gautama came to be known as the Buddha, meaning the "Enlightened One." He spent the remainder of his life journeying about India, teaching others what he had come to believe.

Basic Beliefs and Practices

The basic doctrines of early Buddhism, which remain common among Buddhists today, include the “four noble truths:” existence is suffering (dukhka); suffering has a cause, namely craving and attachment (trishna); there is a cessation of suffering, which is nirvana; and there is a path to the cessation of suffering, the “eightfold path” of right views, right resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.

Meditation and observance of moral precepts are the foundation of Buddhist practice. The five basic moral precepts, undertaken by members of monastic orders and the laity, are to refrain from taking life, stealing, acting unchastely, speaking falsely, and drinking intoxicants.

The Relationship between Buddhism and Christianity

Note that in this brief description of Buddhism, the word "God" does not appear. Thus when thinking about the relationship between Buddhism and Christianity or other theistic religions, there tend to be two paths of inquiry. Taking Buddhism at face value as a system of ethical precepts, a philosophy of life, and a set of meditative practices, many Christians and Jews have found it quite possible to affirm major aspects of Buddhism without abandoning their own faith. For these folks, Buddhism can be seen as supplementing and enriching their own theistic faith and practice.

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Popular Q&A

How would you characterize Japanese' approach to most Japanese follow both Buddhism & Shintoism

The Japanese consider religion to be a spiritual resource - they take what they feel they need from which ever religion suits the purpose - rather than a defining identity as it is seen in the West. It isn't unheard of for people to have a Christian baptism, a Shinto wedding and a Buddhist funeral.

What percentage of Japanese people follow the religions in Japan of Buddhism Shintoism and Christianity

Roughly, 70% Buddhist/Shinto and 0.1% Christian.

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