History of Buddhism simple English
BuddhismIs a religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama. Buddhism teaches people how to end their suffering by cutting out greed, hatred and ignorance. When people do bad things, they will get bad consequences. Similarly, when people do good things, they will get good consequences. Good and bad things do not cancel out.
This cause-and-effect chain is reflected in the endless cycles of life, death and rebirth. Buddhism believes in reincarnation. The ultimate goal of a Buddhist is to reach the state of enlightenment (Nirvana) and liberate oneself from endless reincarnation and suffering. Some see Buddhism as a religion, others see it is a philosophy, and others think it is a way of finding reality. Some think that it is unnecessary to label Buddhism.
Gautama Buddha – a man who lived between about 563 BC and 483 BC – was a rich prince. He gave up everything to find a way to end suffering. His teachings started in Nepal and slowly spread, after his death, through most of Asia, to Central Asia, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, and the East Asian countries of China, Mongolia, Korea, and Japan and have now spread to the west.
The Buddha's teachings are about suffering and how to overcome it. According to the Buddha, overcoming suffering allows a person to be truly happy. The Buddha taught that if people make good decisions they would be happy and have peace of mind. The Buddha taught that life is imperfect and that we will suffer. He taught that we suffer because of desire, anger and stupidity, and he showed that we could end our suffering by letting go of desires and overcoming anger and stupidity. The complete letting go of these negative influences is called Nirvana, meaning "to extinguish", like putting out the flame of a candle. The end of suffering, when one is fully awake (put an end to one's own ignorance) and has let go of all desire and anger, is also called Enlightenment. In Buddhism Enlightenment and Nirvana mean the same thing."To avoid all evil To do good. To purify one's mind. This is the teaching of all the Buddhas."
Buddhism teaches non-harm and moderation or balance, not going too far one way or the other. Buddhists often meditate while sitting in a special or specific way. They often chant and meditate while walking. Buddhists sometimes do these things to understand the human heart and mind. Sometimes they do these things to understand the way the world works. Sometimes they do these things to find peace.
Buddhism does not say if gods exist or not, but one can read many stories about gods in some Buddhist books. Buddhists do not believe that people should look to gods to save them or bring them enlightenment. The gods may have power over world events and they might help people, or they might not. But it's up to each person to get to enlightenment. Many Buddhists honor gods in ritual. Other Buddhists believe the stories about gods are just there to help us learn about parts of ourselves.
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World history help !?
Below, read the first 10 of Hammurabi's laws. how could i interpretation or "translation" of the law into everyday, simple American English ?
The Code of Laws
1.If anyone ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but if he cannot prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.
2.If anyone brings an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
3.If he satisfies the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces.
This is only my interpretation.
If anyone kidnaps another and puts some type of limitations on him, and the person who kidnapped him cannot prove his reasons for doing so, then he shall be killed.
If anyone is brought in front of a judge charged of a crime it is up to that person to prove his innocence or he will be put to death, if the crime is a murder offence or capital crime of any other sort.
If he does prove to the elders that his crime should only be punished by a fine, he will get fine based on what the crime was, so say he stole a loaf of bread he would have to pay a fine of…