History of Buddhism in Turkey

Buddhism in ChinaAccording to popular beliefs, Buddhism in China extended its sway during the Han Dynasty. The religion had foothold in the north and northwest China well before the Hans conquered the area. A fresco at Gansu’s Mogao Caves depicts Emperor Wu paying obeisance to statues of a golden man believed to be Buddha.

According to local traditions, Buddhism in China had its first imperial recognition in 67 AD during the rule of Han Emperor Ming. Legends say the king sent his envoy to south India to explore about Buddhist thoughts following a divine dream. The envoy returned on a white horse along with Buddhist scriptures and two monks Dharmaraksa and Kasyapa Matanga. The White Horse Temple at former Han capital Luoyang was constructed based on this story.

Historical records also show that when the Han army overran Khotan, a Buddhist center in northwest China, a number of Buddhist monks came under the Chinese suzerainty. They extended the reach of their religion to central China in the due course.

Historical Phase of Buddhism in China

Historical records attest that arrival of An Shigao, a Parthian prince-turned-Buddhist master, in China in 148 AD led to increase in translation of Mahayana scriptures into local languages. He also established Buddhist monasteries in capital Loyang. Lokaksema, an Indian monk who came to China during the second century, expanded the reach of Buddhism in China. The migration of Hans to the south of Yangtze River carried the religion to south and southwest China. It created a unified culture that prevailed over political chaos and war during the Six Dynasties period.

Chinese Buddhism: The Era of Prosperity

Chinese Buddhism saw its golden period during the dominance of Sui and Tang rulers. Sui Emperor Wen adopted the faith as his state religion and circulated religious relics among Buddhist temples across China. His also created edicts throughout the country highlighting principles that govern lives of Buddhists. The Tang era offered a religious tolerant ambience that helped Buddhism to continue its rapid development.

Renowned Chinese Buddhist philosopher Hiuen Tsang returned home in 645 following 17-year extensive tour of India. His writings provided an impetuous to the development of Buddhism in China. Hiuen Tsang extensively studied Buddhism in India and visited all important religious places. He brought Buddhist relics, scriptures and other important items loaded on 22 horses. The school and translation center he opened at Xi’an played a key role in popularizing Buddhism in China. He led to establishment of the Faxiang school of Buddhism.

Altturkische Handschriften: Teil 15: Die uigurischen Blockdrucke der Berliner Turfansammlung (Verzeichnis der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland (VOHD)) (German Edition)
Book (Franz Steiner Verlag)

Literary ties between Sri Lanka and China  — The Island.lk
It gives me a great pleasure to make a presentation at this august forum attended by some distinguished visitors from the Peoples' Republic of China, including Ms. Mo Ying of Beijing International Book Fair Management Office, writers such as Mr.

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Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, translator of the first Buddhist Sutra published in English: a segment of the Lotus Sutra, edited by Henry David Thoreau and printed in Ralph Waldo Emerson's Transcendentalist/Unitarian journal, "The Dial" in 1844.
Henry Steel Olcott - 1832-1905- Revived Buddhism in Sri Lanka. "Olcott Day", the anniversary of his arrival there, is a holiday in Sri Lanka. Designed the Buddhist flag

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