Soul Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism, as a religion and system of thought, defies many elements that Hinduism embraces, as the religion of the Buddha was very much a reaction to the dominant Hindu social system alive in India at the time. The Buddha’s primary objections were to the Hindu caste system, philosophical notions of the soul and the ritualization of religion.
Belief in a Soul
Although the Buddha recognized the system of karma and believed that one's present life is a direct result of actions and decisions made in past lives, he did not advocate a belief in the soul. This differs from the Hindu notion of a soul, which passes on from being to being during the reincarnation cycle of life, death and rebirth. The Buddha refused to place meaning in substance and viewed the soul as something substantive. Rather than a material soul, the Buddha taught that what is passed on from body to body during reincarnation are ideas, impressions, feelings and consciousness.
Authority and Tradition
The Buddha taught that religion should be devoid of authority and hierarchy. He encouraged his followers to break free from the Hindu tradition, as its institutionalized caste system bred inequality. He also wanted to take the exclusive spiritual prowess away from the Brahmins, the highest caste of India’s Hindu society, by encouraging all people to seek spiritual attainment. He taught that a person did not need to be a Brahmin, or any other kind of social elite, to obtain release if he was willing to work toward self actualization.
Rites and Rituals
The Buddha taught that religion should be free of ritual. He believed the practicing of ritual acts made it harder for people to break through the ego, as they would develop attachments to the rituals themselves. In Hinduism, nearly every aspect of religious devotion involves some type of ritual. There are rites and rituals specific to death, marriage, child birth and daily prayer to the deities. Objects, spaces and people can be ritualized. The Buddha saw this emphasis on ritual to be a distraction from the main spiritual goal.
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Memories of perfect harmony — Free Malaysia Today
We respected one another's values and beliefs, so much so that I filled my chest with teachings of Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Atheism and so on, in addition to the compulsory Islamic classes for all Muslim girls.
What is the nature of the soul for Hinduism and Buddhism?
The soul, according to man's actions in life, either is reincarnated into more suffering or if he or she has done good actions, become one with the universe.