Buddhism and Hinduism reincarnation

Bhagavad- gita Notes and Study Guide. Click here.
Today's post is about reincarnation in Hinduism, though much of this is in common with Buddhism as well.
This quote is from the Bhagavad Gita, when Krishna, the avatar of the god Vishnu, is speaking to a warrior called Arjuna to try to get him to do his duty to fight in a war (see picture->).

From (ancient Hindu text):
"The Spirit is neither born nor does it die at any time. It does not come into being, or cease to exist. It is unborn, eternal, permanent, and primeval. The Spirit is not destroyed when the body is destroyed... Just as a person puts on new garments after discarding the old ones; similarly, the living entity or the individual soul acquires new bodies after casting away the old bodies."

Visual representation of Samsara-literally meaningThe soul is called atman in Sanskrit, which is what Krishna is speaking about: it is eternal, and although we change as humans when we are in a physical body, the soul itself does not change. It is currently embodied because of its ignorance of the higher spiritual reality, by mistaking itself for the body it is currently inhabiting, and this causes it to undergo reincarnation until it can gain an understanding of the truth.
The cycle of reincarnation is called samsara, which is ruled by karma. Karma, as most people know, is the result of our good or bad actions, and causes the person to be born into their next life in a body and place in accordance with what they have earned through karma. It may seem strange that the soul would accumulate affects from the body it inhabits when it is an imperishable substance. This is explained by the concept of two different bodies: the "subtle body" and the "gross body".
The subtle body is the vehicle for the atman to pass between lives. It contains our consciousness, intelligence, ego, and other mental properties. The gross body is just the physical body with all its senses. The subtle body is the link between the soul and the gross body, so that every action we perform (via the gross body) leaves an imprint on the subtle body. The soul will eventually have to experience the results of the actions imprinted in the subtle body. So even though the gross body is destroyed at death, the effects of its actions have been left of the subtle body, causing the soul to be incarnated again to experience these effects. It seems then, that by the very nature of actions, we cannot experience all of their affects in our present life, which is an interesting thought.

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Memories of perfect harmony  — Free Malaysia Today
We respected one another's values and beliefs, so much so that I filled my chest with teachings of Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Atheism and so on, in addition to the compulsory Islamic classes for all Muslim girls.

Popular Q&A

How has Buddhism and Hinduism views on reincarnation?

Affect Indian civilization?

Hinduism is about reconciliation with Brahma so one progresses through reincarnation and gradually getting closer to reconciliation. They also use the word moksha.
By definition, reincarnation means the reincarnation of soul.
Buddhism dismisses the existence of soul. Samsara (cycle) is the word used. Cycle of life or rebirth after rebirth (without soul) is explained with the law of kamma in which how (kamma vipaka) cause and effect work. Due to causes, new body and mind as psychophysio aggregates are rebuilt . There is nothing other than these aggregates or the five aggregates.
Soul …

How is reincarnation different for Buddhism rather than Hinduism?

Reincarnation for Hinduism is that they believe in Karma. They believe that if you are a good person in life you will come back as something good. Buddha's believe that we have six levels of reincarnation and that we created where we end up.

Do both hinduism and buddhism believe in reincarnation?

Hinduism does believe in reincarnation. Your 'soul' transmigrates from one body to another. One analogy is water being poured from one cup into another. Hinduism believes in the soul as a 'fixed' entity while Buddhism does not. So, Buddhism does not believe in reincarnation as such. Buddhists believe in rebirth. The 'soul' is no more than a convenient fiction, and it has no fundamental reality. Your existence (your sense of "I") can be compared to an optical illusion separating you from the cosmos...yes, you exist, and have always existed, but it is this illusion of a separate self that…

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